How Raima Database Manager beats SQLite

4 top challenges with SQLite and how Raima Database Manager avoids them

Challenge 1: Scalable Performance

SQLite faces performance issues as more users and/or additional hardware is added to the system due to the  "one write at a time" and single-thread design.

RDM has no limits

RDM does not have this issue as its performance gets better as you add better hardware and users. RDM has been optimized to scale and utilize any additional hardware added to the RDM system.  Additional users also have a very stable and consistent set of performance.  SQLite, by design, gives priority to a random user.  This makes the performance of some users much better than others.

Challenge 3: Flash Media Lifetime

SQLite is not optimized for flash media storage.

Optimized for flash media

RDM optimizes and minimizes the number of writes to the storage medium, prolonging the lifetime of the device. This means less maintenance is needed and fewer replacements over the lifetime of the application. Additionally, RDM performs better on these devices due to the optimizations it has.

Challenge 2: Platform Support

SQLite does not support as many platforms as RDM does.

Platform Independence

RDM supports nearly every hardware combination and operating system. It has been optimized to run in any environment.

Challenge 4: Development Environment Integration

SQL is not packaged with built in project files and support for all the standard development environments.

Out of the box

RDM supports Visual Studio, XCode, Makefiles, CMake, Wind River Workbench, Green Hills MULTI, etc with prepackaged project files and development environment integrations.

Switch from SQLite to RDM for scalability and performance

Raima Database Manager supports nearly the same level of SQL that SQLite does. Thus, the user would just need to export the contents of their database to a CSV, XML or SQL format, run rdm-create on their database schema file, then run rdm-import on the CSV, XML or SQL format file and the user will have an RDM equivalent to the SQLite database. From there, the user may have to port your application, but RDM supports the ODBC SQL interface, JDBC Java interface and the ADO.NET C# interface so there may not have to be substantial code changes. 

Performance Comparison Example - Raima Database Manager (RDM) vs. SQLite

The majority of today’s operating system and hardware support multithreading. SQLite does not take advantage of this opportunity because of the design in SQLite. When there are many concurrent writes to a SQLite database, application users experience a significant reduction in speed and the application may not meet the users performance expectations.  It is well known that the write access to the SQLite database can only be granted if no other requests are being serviced. It is the "one write at a time" design within SQLite that slows down the throughput.  Thus, many application owners are forced to look for alternative embedded database options to resolve their performance bottleneck.  

Raima has put together a test that proves the differences between the RDM database solution and SQLite.  In this test, we demonstrate that RDM is a good alternative to SQLite.

 

How we did the test

In this performance comparison, we used a standard TPC-B  test framework from www.tpc.org. The TPC-B measures throughput in terms of how many transactions per second the system can perform. The test has been modified to allow for comparisons where multiple clients are doing parallel work. 

We used the same test environment and framework for both SQLite and RDM. In the test, RDM proved to be significantly faster than SQLite.  See illustration below. The platform used for the test was RDM release 14.1 running against SQLite v3.23 on a standard Windows 10, Intel i7 processor machine with 16GB's of RAM and standard SATA hard drive. 

Raima Database Manager has a design that is optimized for embedded systems with a modern and efficient set of API's, along with a well-designed database storage file format. RDM allows for concurrent writes and reads and therefore can do many more times the amount of work that SQLite can do. 

High-speed embedded database better performance than sqlite

Test highlights:
Because of RDM´s multithread support, RDM will execute a substantial higher amount of transactions when compared with SQLite.

In the diagram below RDM push over four times the number of transactions that SQLite can within the same time frame and hardware constraints. If this test is done using an in-memory design, the difference is even more noticeable.

 

SQLite slow, beaten by Raima high-speed embedded database

Breaking down the test above further shows the number of transactions done per second on each client of the database.

 

Conclusion

As proven in the illustration above, due to SQLite's design, it has a variable number of transactions it can do per second on each client of the database. RDM delivers up to four times increase in the number of transactions per second per client. If stability and consistency are important, RDM is a great fit.  

RDM is designed to deliver consistent and dependable transactions per second while being multi-user friendly and efficient. 

 

How to migrate from SQLite to RDM

How to migrate to RDM in order to try out the benefits? The answer is more straightforward than you may expect. RDM supports nearly the same level of SQL that SQLite does. Thus, the user would just need to export the contents of their database to a CSV, XML or SQL format, run rdm-create on their database schema file, then run rdm-import on the CSV, XML or SQL format file and the user will have an RDM equivalent to the SQLite database. From there, the user may have to port your application, but RDM supports the ODBC SQL interface, JDBC Java interface and the ADO.NET C# interface so there may not have to be substantial code changes. 

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Supported Platforms and Operating Systems

Supported Platforms/Operating SystemsSQLiteRDM
Microsoft Windows
Linux
Android
Apple MacOS
Apple iOS
Solaris
WindRiver VxWorks
WindRiver VxWorks RTP
WindRiver Linux
Green Hills Integrity
Embedded Linux
QNX Neutrino

Learn More About RDM Architecture and Features